By the age of two, the child, as a rule, has the simplest skills, understands what adults want from him. The same is with the language: if he does not yet speak himself, he understands the speech addressed to him, which can be judged by his reactions.
Weirdness in the development and behavior of the child, causing fear in parents:
the child does not look into the eyes;
speaks about himself in the third (he) or in the second (you) person;
repeats words, phrases all the time;
the child began to speak the first words, but the speech disappeared;
does not utter a word, hums;
not interested in toys;
is not interested in peers, does not play with other children;
the child is detached, ignores the mother, does not respond to requests, does not respond to his name;
shakes his head, hands, sways;
walks on tiptoes;
gnaws fingers, hands;
hits himself in the face;
the child has hysteria, bouts of aggression;
afraid of strangers;
is frightened by sounds, shudders.
If any of these symptoms are inherent in your child, it is not necessarily autism. However, your baby should have an autism screening test.
There is a diagnostic test that consists of three questions:
Does your child look in the same direction as you when you try to draw their attention to something interesting?
Does the child point to something to get your attention, not to get what you want, but to share your interest in the subject?
Does he play with toys to imitate the actions of adults?
(puts the doll to sleep, does not just roll the car back and forth, but carries cubes to the construction site in the truck, etc.).
If the answer to all three questions is no, the parents of a 2–3-year-old child have reason to show it to a specialist. If, on the contrary, it is positive, then, most likely, the delay in the development of speech and mastery of skills has another reason, not autism.
The first signs of autism spectrum disorder are noted in children aged 2-3 years. In infants, a revitalization complex does not appear when parents appear in the field of vision, there is no eye contact, a social smile, manifestations of increased or decreased sensitivity to stimuli: tactile, light, noise, etc. can be observed.
However, in this age period, child autism can only be suspected with severe symptoms. As a rule, this is discovered by parents whose family has close relatives or older children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Later, the diagnosis is usually received by the first children in the family, since young parents are not yet sure whether the deviations in the child’s behavior are his characteristics or the first signals of a developmental disorder.
The reasons for the development of autism spectrum disorders have not been identified, but there is a known correlation with some factors that increase the likelihood of having a baby with ASD, for example:
late age of parents, especially father, at conception;
the presence in the family of relatives with ASD;
being born in a large family among the last children (7, 8 and further children are more likely to have ASD);
diseases of the mother during pregnancy (rubella, tuberous sclerosis, overweight);
There is currently no medication to cure autism. Various biological additives, methods of chelation, purification, diets, techniques can help some children, it is not unreasonable to recommend them to every child, since there is no proven effect in the data set.