Autism Definitions

AC = Augmentative Communication

ABA = Applied Behavior Analysis a research-based approach to treatment

ABIX = Area Board IX for Developmental Disabilities

ADA = Americans With Disabilities Act legislation that can help you get services

ADD = Attention Deficit Disorder have a hard time staying on task

ADHD = Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder excess physical activity and difficulty staying on task

AHA = American Hyperlexia Association

AIT = Auditory Integration Therapy

ARC = Association for Retarded Citizens 50 year old organization for people with disabilities and their families

APD = Auditory Processing Disorder

AS = Aspergers Syndrome a type of high-functioning autism

ASA = Autism Society of America National organization

ASASB = Autism Society of America, Santa Barbara Chapter local chapter

ASD = Autism Spectrum Disorder a type of brain dysfunction

ASHA = American Speech Language Hearing Assoc.

ASL = American Sign Language communicate with your hands, not words

ASPIE = How some individuals with Aspergers Syndrom refer to themselves

AT = Assistive Technology devices that help you, like keyboards or wheelchairs

BCBA = Board Certified Behavior Analyst

BCaBA = Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analyst

CAN = Cure Autism Now an organization dedicated to finding a cure for autism

CAPD = Central Auditory Processing Disorder

CDD = Childhood Disintegrative Disorder

CP = Cerebral Palsy

DAN! = Defeat Autism Now! a project that focuses on biomedical research and treatment

DD = Developmentally Disabled or Developmentally Delayed not meeting all the typical milestones

DDS = Department of Developmental Services

DIR = Developmental/Individual Differences/Relationship based Approach (also known as Floortime or Greenspan Model)

DIS = Designated Instructional Service

DOB = Date of Birth

DS = Down Syndrome

DSI = Dysfunction of Sensory Integration – another acronym for SID

DTT = Discrete Trial Teaching a type of teaching technique used in ABA

Dx = Diagnosis or Disorder what the specialist says you have

ECSE = Early Childhood Special Education

EFA = Essential Fatty Acids parts of our food that help us think

EBD = Emotional and Behavioral Disorder

EI = Early Intervention (also Early Start) therapies provided to children under 3 years old

ENT = Ear, Nose and Throat

ESY = Extended School Year school programming during the summer break

FAPE = Free Appropriate Public Education

FC = Facilitated Communication

FRAXA = Fragile X Syndrome

GAD = Generalized Anxiety Disorder

GDD = Global Developmental Delays

GF/CF = Gluten-Free/Casein-Free diet (wheat and dairy)

HFA = High Functioning Autism can talk, get dressed, etc., but not good socially

HI = Hearing Impaired

HOH = Hard Of Hearing

ID = Intellectual Disability hard time figuring things out

IDEA = Individuals With Disabilities Education Act legislation that can get you services

IEP = Individualized Education Program plan for what services or accommodations your child will receive

IFSP = Individualized Family Service Plan

IQ = Intelligence Quotient how well you did on a standardized test

LD = Learning Disability

LEA = Local Education Agency (usually the school district)

LEAP = Learning Enrichment Autism Program

LFA = Low Functioning Autism needs lots of help to get by

LKS = Landau-Kleffner Syndrome – a form of aphasia with seizure-like activity

LRE = Least Restrictive Environment give the child the most freedom possible [within a school setting]

MBD = Minimal Brain Dysfunction (another name AD(H)D has been known by)

MD = Muscular Dystrophy

MH = Multiply Handicapped more than one diagnosis or disorder

MR = Mental Retardation

MRI = Magnetic Resonance Imaging a way to scan the brain to see activity

NICU = Neonatal Intensive Care Unit hospital department for very sick newborn babies

NLD = Nonverbal Learning Disability

NT = Neurologically Typical (developing normally)

O2 = Oxygen

OCD = Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder cant stop certain behaviors

ODD = Oppositional Defiant Disorder

OHI = Other Health Impairment

OI = Orthopedic Impairment

OT = Occupational Therapy or Occupational Therapist

PAI = Protection and Advocacy, Inc. (free legal advocacy service provided by the State)

PDD = Pervasive Developmental Disorders (the category of disorders encompassing autism)

PDD-NOS = Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified

PECS = Picture Exchange Communication System

PICU = Pediatric Intensive care Unit

PRT = Pivotal Response Treatment works on improving pivotal behaviors like motivation

PT = Physical Therapy or Physical Therapist

PTSD = Post Traumatic Stress Disorder aftermath of a frightening experience

RDI = Relationship Development Intervention

RTI = Response to Intervention

SC = Service Coordinator (case mgr from TCRC)

SI = Sensory Integration therapies that help balance and sensitivities

SID = Sensory Integration Dysfunction

SLD = Specific Learning Disability

SLI = Speech/Language Impairment

SLP = Speech Language Pathologist

SPD = Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder

SPED = Special Education

SSA = Social Security Administration

SSD = Social Security Disability

SSI = Supplemental Security Income

ST = Speech Therapy

TBI = Traumatic Brain Injury

TEACCH = Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication Handicapped Children

TS = Tourette Syndrome blurt out phrases, involuntary tics

TX = Treatment or Therapy

UA = Unlocking Autism

UCP = United Cerebral Palsy Association

VI = Visual Impairment cant see very well