Autism Definitions

AC = Augmentative Communication ABA = Applied Behavior Analysis – a research-based approach to treatment ABIX = Area Board IX for Developmental Disabilities ADA = Americans With Disabilities Act – legislation that can help you get services ADD = Attention Deficit Disorder – have a hard time staying on task ADHD = Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – excess physical activity and difficulty staying on task AHA = American Hyperlexia Association AIT = Auditory Integration Therapy ARC = Association for Retarded Citizens – 50 year old organization for people with disabilities and their families APD = Auditory Processing Disorder AS = Asperger’s Syndrome – a type of high-functioning autism ASA = Autism Society of America – National organization ASASB = Autism Society of America, Santa Barbara Chapter – local chapter ASD = Autism Spectrum Disorder – a type of brain dysfunction ASHA = American Speech – Language Hearing Assoc. ASL = American Sign Language – communicate with your hands, not words ASPIE = How some individuals with Asperger’s Syndrom refer to themselves AT = Assistive Technology – devices that help you, like keyboards or wheelchairs BCBA = Board Certified Behavior Analyst BCaBA = Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analyst CAN = Cure Autism Now – an organization dedicated to finding a cure for autism CAPD = Central Auditory Processing Disorder CDD = Childhood Disintegrative Disorder CP = Cerebral Palsy DAN! = Defeat Autism Now! – a project that focuses on biomedical research and treatment DD = Developmentally Disabled or Developmentally Delayed – not meeting all the typical milestones DDS = Department of Developmental Services DIR = Developmental/Individual Differences/Relationship based Approach (also known as Floortime or Greenspan Model) DIS = Designated Instructional Service DOB = Date of Birth DS = Down Syndrome DSI = Dysfunction of Sensory Integration – another acronym for SID DTT = Discrete Trial Teaching – a type of teaching technique used in ABA Dx = Diagnosis or Disorder – what the specialist says you have ECSE = Early Childhood Special Education EFA = Essential Fatty Acids – parts of our food that help us think EBD = Emotional and Behavioral Disorder EI = Early Intervention (also Early Start) – therapies provided to children under 3 years old ENT = Ear, Nose and Throat ESY = Extended School Year – school programming during the summer break FAPE = Free Appropriate Public Education FC = Facilitated Communication FRAXA = Fragile X Syndrome GAD = Generalized Anxiety Disorder GDD = Global Developmental Delays GF/CF = Gluten-Free/Casein-Free diet (wheat and dairy) HFA = High Functioning Autism – can talk, get dressed, etc., but not good socially HI = Hearing Impaired HOH = Hard Of Hearing ID = Intellectual Disability – hard time figuring things out IDEA = Individuals With Disabilities Education Act – legislation that can get you services IEP = Individualized Education Program – plan for what services or accommodations your child will receive IFSP = Individualized Family Service Plan IQ = Intelligence Quotient – how well you did on a standardized test LD = Learning DisabilityLEA = Local Education Agency (usually the school district) LEAP = Learning Enrichment Autism Program LFA = Low Functioning Autism – needs lots of help to get by LKS = Landau-Kleffner Syndrome – a form of aphasia with seizure-like activity LRE = Least Restrictive Environment – give the child the most freedom possible [within a school setting] MBD = Minimal Brain Dysfunction (another name AD(H)D has been known by) MD = Muscular Dystrophy MH = Multiply Handicapped – more than one diagnosis or disorder MR = Mental Retardation MRI = Magnetic Resonance Imaging – a way to scan the brain to see activity NICU = Neonatal Intensive Care Unit – hospital department for very sick newborn babies NLD = Nonverbal Learning Disability NT = Neurologically Typical (developing normally) O2 = Oxygen OCD = Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder – can’t stop certain behaviors ODD = Oppositional Defiant Disorder OHI = Other Health Impairment OI = Orthopedic Impairment OT = Occupational Therapy or Occupational Therapist PAI = Protection and Advocacy, Inc. (free legal advocacy service provided by the State) PDD = Pervasive Developmental Disorders (the category of disorders encompassing autism) PDD-NOS = Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified PECS = Picture Exchange Communication System PICU = Pediatric Intensive care Unit PRT = Pivotal Response Treatment – works on improving “pivotal behaviors” like motivation PT = Physical Therapy or Physical Therapist PTSD = Post Traumatic Stress Disorder – aftermath of a frightening experience RDI = Relationship Development Intervention RTI = Response to Intervention SC = Service Coordinator (case mgr from TCRC) SI = Sensory Integration – therapies that help balance and sensitivities SID = Sensory Integration Dysfunction SLD = Specific Learning Disability SLI = Speech/Language Impairment SLP = Speech Language Pathologist SPD = Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder SPED = Special Education SSA = Social Security Administration SSD = Social Security Disability SSI = Supplemental Security Income ST = Speech Therapy TBI = Traumatic Brain Injury TEACCH = Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication Handicapped Children TS = Tourette Syndrome – blurt out phrases, involuntary tics TX = Treatment or Therapy UA = Unlocking Autism UCP = United Cerebral Palsy Association VI = Visual Impairment – can’t see very well